Server Maintain Notes

NFS server

NFS server 是用于局域网环境共享linux硬盘的一种方法。关键的配置文 件有:

  • /etc/exports (服务端)

    /home $CLIENT_IP1_RANGE(rw,sync,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check)
    /home $CLIENT_IP2_RANGE(rw,sync,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check)
    ...
    
  • /etc/fstab (客户端)

    $SERVER_IP:/home                /home  nfs defaults  0  0
    $SERVER_IP:/home/fileserver     /homes/fileserver  nfs defaults  0  0
    ...
    

Nginx

nginx 是轻量级的网站服务,主要的配置文件为:

  1. /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, 该文件一般不用修改;

  2. /etc/nginx/sites-availble//etc/nginx/conf.d/,根据需要增加网站配置问题;

    
    server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
     
    server_name domin.com alis www.domin.com;
     
    root /var/www/domin.com;
    index index.html;
     
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }
    
    # 指定文件夹受保护
    location "~^/.*/protected/.*" {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    	auth_basic "Restricted Content";
        auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd;
    }
    # 指定文件夹中内容按文本文件方式在浏览器中查看
    # 让RFun下文件能在浏览器中直接打开,而不是下载。
    location ~ .*/RFun/.*\..*$ {
       add_header Content-Type text/plain;
    }
    }
    

服务重启方式:sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

Shiny server

主要配置文件:/etc/shiny-server/shiny-server.conf

demo conf:

# Instruct Shiny Server to run applications as the user "shiny"
# run_as shiny;
run_as cctdb;

# Define a server that listens on port 3838
server {
  listen 80;

# Only accept requests for the hostname 'server1.com'
  server_name server.domin.com alias IP;

  # Define a location at the base URL
  location / {

    # Host the directory of Shiny Apps stored in this directory
     site_dir /srv/shiny-server;

    # Log all Shiny output to files in this directory
    log_dir /home/cctdb/shiny;

    # Define the scheduler to use for this location
    simple_scheduler 15;

    # When a user visits the base URL rather than a particular application,
    # an index of the applications available in this directory will be shown.
    directory_index on;
  }
}
server {
  listen 80;

# Only accept requests for the hostname 'server1.com'
  server_name APP1.domain.com;

  # Define a location at the base URL
  location / {

    # Host the directory of Shiny Apps stored in this directory
    site_dir /srv/shiny-server/APP1;

    # Log all Shiny output to files in this directory
    log_dir /var/log/shiny-server;

    # Define the scheduler to use for this location
    simple_scheduler 15;

    # When a user visits the base URL rather than a particular application,
    # an index of the applications available in this directory will be shown.
    directory_index on;
  }
}

服务重启方式:

sudo stop|start|restart shiny-server

Rstudio

主要配置文件为端口配置:

/etc/rstudio/rstudio.conf

服务重启方式:

sudo stop|start|restart rstudio-server

Avatar
Ming Su
Associate Professor of Environmental Engneering

My research interest is water quality problems in drinking water bodies, with a focus on harmful algal blooms and associated taste & odor problems.

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